Cat Behavior & Training

What’s the Big Deal About Cat Litter?

Posted on: February 8th, 2017 by PetMAC

Cat Litter is Cat Litter – What’s the Big Deal?


Sodium Bentonite and Crystalline Silica Dust – that’s the big deal!

Clumping cat litters hold great appeal for cat-lovers because they are so convenient. However many pet-owners don’t realize these two ingredients in most clumping cat litters have been implicated in diseases and even deaths in animals and humans.

Sodium bentonite is often added as a clumping agent to traditional cat litters to create “scoopable” clay litters like Tidy Cats. Sodium bentonite acts like an expandable cement, which is why these litters should not be flushed – they swell to 15 to 18 times their dry size. It is also used in grouting, sealing, and plugging materials.

Cats often lick themselves after using the litter box, ingesting pieces of the litter, which expands just as it does in the plumbing.  Also, the dust from such litters can coat cats’ lungs, leading to respiratory problems. The HennepinCenter for Poison Control in Minnesota has reported instances of poisoning in humans from chronic ingestion of sodium bentonite, so just imagine what effect it can have on our kitties who breathe it multiple times a day!

Crystalline silica dust, the other ingredient in most clumping litters, is a known carcinogen for both humans and household pets when inhaled.  According to, “Crystalline silica has been classified as a human lung carcinogen. Additionally, breathing crystalline silica dust can cause silicosis, which in severe cases can be disabling, or even fatal.  The silica dust enters the lungs and causes the formation of scar tissue, thus reducing the lungs’ ability to take in oxygen.”

Clumping clay kitty litters may be related to a wide variety of seemingly unrelated cat health problems, included diarrhea, frothy yellow vomiting, mega-bowel syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, kidney problems, respiratory problems, general failure to thrive, anemia, lethargy, and even death.

How does clumping litter affect our pets?

  • Cats inhale dust from clay litter, or ingest it while cleaning their feet. Kittens, being curious creatures, sometimes eat litter, as do dogs who like the little “treats” kitties leave for them.
  • When combined with natural and ingested liquids, the powerful clumping abilities of sodium bentonite cause the ingested clay dust and particles to form a solid mass in the intestine or stomach.
  • Inhaled particles could cause similar problems in the moist climate of the lungs.
  • The “clumping activity” in the intestines could draw fluid out of the body, causing dehydration, and possible eventual urinary tract problems.
  • The clumping substance coats the digestive tract, attracting the collection of old fecal material, increasing toxicity, bacteria growth and prohibiting proper assimilation of digested food. This can lead to stress on the immune system, leaving the animal susceptible to viral, bacterial, parasitic and yeast infections.
  • The problems can also extend to dogs who sometimes are inexplicably drawn to “litter box snacks.”

Oh, and if you care about the environment, read on…..  Clay is strip mined for use in cat litters.  This not only damages the environment in the same way any strip mining does, but clay is also not biodegradable.  Natural cat litters are made from materials such as wheat, corn, walnut shells, pine and recycled newspaper.  All are by-products of products we already use and are biodegradable.

Our advice:  switch your cat litter to one made from a plant-based material – it’s better for your pet, for you, and for the environment. Some options for all-natural, healthier cat litter products sold at PetMAC are listed below.  All are clumping and scoopable.


All-Natural Litters We Carry:

Blue Naturally Fresh smallNaturally Fresh by Blue – made from walnut shells (ask about their Frequent Buyer Program!)





Nature’s Miracle – made from corn cob

World’s Best Cat Litter – made from corn kernels (ask about their Frequent Buyer Program!)

Swheat Scoop – made from wheat

Feline Fresh – made from pine

Dr. Elsey’s Litter Attractant – the herbal ingredient in Cat Attract – can be used with other non or low-scented litters


Clumping Clay Litters We Carry:

Dr. Elsey’s Cat Attract – while it is a traditional clumping litter, it has been very beneficial for cats who have litterbox issues and is 99% dust free

Dr. Elsey’s Precious Cat – a traditional clay litter I brought in by request…. At least it has less silica dust than grocery store cat litters

What is Diatomaceous Earth and Why Should I Care?

Posted on: February 8th, 2017 by PetMAC

The Benefits Of Diatomaceous Earth

Diatomaceous Earth is a non-toxic, safe substance made up from crushed fossils of freshwater organisms and marine life. Crushed to a fine powder and observed through a microscope, the particles resemble bits of broken glass. Diatomacous Earth is deadly to any insect yet completely harmless to animals.

Diatomaceous Earth’s mode of action for insect and parasite control is strictly mechanical. The microscopically sharp edges contact the insect or parasite, and pierce their protective coating, so they soon dehydrate and die. The larvae is affected in the same way.

Internal parasites can be controlled by giving Diatomaceous Earth internally. It is very important to note that it must be food grade – the earth used in gardens and pool filters can damage your dog. Diatomaceous Earth can eliminate roundworms, whipworms, pinworms, and hookworms within seven days of being fed daily. To be most effective, Diatomaceous Earth should be fed for at least 30 days, to catch all newly hatching eggs or the cycling of the worms through the lungs and back to the stomach.

Another use for Diatomaceous Earth is the control of external parasites and flies. This is achieved by dusting your dog with Diatomacous Earth, along with his bedding area and surrounding carpeted areas.

Other Uses

Diatomaceous Earth has also been reported in scientific literature to absorb methyl mercury, e-coli, endotoxins, viruses, organophosphate pesticide residues, drug resides, and protein, perhaps even the proteinaceous toxins produced by some intestinal infections. Given this, Diatomaceous Earth is very useful as a detox solution, digestive aid and colon cleanser.


For dogs, use one tablespoon per day of food grade Diatomaceous Earth in his food for dogs over 55 lbs. and one teaspoon per day for small dogs and puppies. For external parasite control, simply rub the powder at full strength into the coat for fleas and sprinkle on bedding.

Reference:  Dogs Naturally Magazine

The Benefits Of Diatomaceous Earth For Dogs